Inappetence in dogs

By Ness Bird - Nutrition Adviser and RVN CertCFVHNut ©


Tips to encourage eating

Dental problems, illness and pain are some of the reasons why dogs may become inappetent. Veterinary advice should initially be sought to rule out a medical cause over a behavioural issue.

Well-meaning owners will often supplement a complete diet with extras in order to make the meal more interesting. Some clever dogs soon learn that they can eat the new food and leave the kibble, resulting in owners drawing the conclusion that the dog is not enjoying the main diet. Changing to another brand of food often leads to the dog happily eating the alternative for several days, weeks or months before it too becomes uninteresting to them. This in turn ends with an owner trying numerous brands of dog food with varying degrees of success and with the dog dictating what is fed and when. The more choice that you offer a fussy eater, the worse the problem can become. If your dog is not underweight as a result of the issue, you are most likely to be looking at a behavioural rather than a medical problem, but always err on the side of caution and speak to your vet if you are worried.
Fortunately, this problem can be solved relatively quickly (although if your dog has been leading you a merry dance for a long time, it may take a little longer to retrain him or her back into good habits at mealtimes).
The following tips may help you: - 


1. Choose a complete food that is energy dense

Ensure the diet is suitable for the age group and activity level of your dog, and that the kibble size of dry food is appropriate. Concentrated products with a high calorie content such as Arden Grange Prestige can be effective since the smaller feeding portions may be more acceptable to a dog with a low appetite.


2. Feed smaller meals more often

Inappetent dogs are more likely to eat most or all of a smaller meal than they are of a large one. You will need to train yourself to pick up any uneaten food within about an hour of it being offered. Knowing that the next meal  is not too far away makes this psychologically easier for you as you will naturally be worried that your dog will become hungry in a few hours if the food has not been eaten. Some dogs do prefer to graze and may come back for a second sitting, hence why we don't generally advise removing the food too quickly. Be careful not to exercise too near to a feed though. 


3. Understanding behaviour

Some behaviours are learned and reinforced by the familiarity of a routine, so sometimes altering the normal pattern of activity that occurs in the run up  to a mealtime can help. You could try using a different bowl, feeding at different times and/or in different rooms, or even utilise another member of the household to prepare the meal.


4. Do not give additional treats

The most common behavioural cause of inappetence is simply that the dog isn’t hungry. Additions to the main diet can contribute significant calories once added together. Try cutting out all extras and also reduce the main diet for a few days to give your dog back an “edge” of hunger. This may sound strict, but it is usually very effective. Once the routine is back in place and feeding becomes less of an issue, you can afford to be more flexible. Some dogs will take some of their regular diet as a "treat" if it's offered as a reward. If you do continue to offer extras, make sure the main diet is reduced appropriately. We can help you with a suitable volume and also suggest lower calorie alternatives. Simply complete our nutrition advice form here.


5. Introduce new food gradually                                                                  

A new diet should be introduced gradually. Ensure the two products are mixed well to help prevent your dog from differentiating. Soaking dry food for up to 30 minutes prior to serving makes combining the foods easier and also enhances the aroma. Some dogs are creatures of habit and make take a while to become accustomed to a new food. This behaviour is called neophobia, and stems from a natural wariness of new foods inherited from our dogs' wild ancestors, who would have used this as a means to avoid potential toxins. 


6. Address stress                                                                                      

Your own behaviour can impact on your dog’s behaviour, so try to keep calm at mealtimes. It can sometimes help to revert to a food that is known to be enjoyed for a few days to limit stress. When mealtimes are happy times once again, then is the time to start gradually introducing your preferred product and employing some of the other strategies listed here if need be.


7. Be aware of environmental issues                                                        

Are there other animals in the household that compete for your dog’s food?   Is a tag making a distracting noise hitting against the bowl? Are plastic bowls holding residues from detergents? Are hormonal changes a possibility? Have there been any unsettling environmental changes e.g. storms, a new baby or a house move?


8. Make mealtimes fun                                                                                

One of the most effective ways to beat stress is to play. Interactive feeding toys can be very effective in encouraging an inappetent dog to eat. This provides a novel vessel for the food and may help break the habit of leaving food if the behaviour is triggered by familiar stimuli such as the usual bowl.


9. Adolescent dogs                                                                                           

A natural decline in appetite can often be quite normal in adolescence, because as puppies get older their growth rate slows down, and the demand for those extra calories needed for growth starts to wane off. This is why the Arden Grange feeding guides show some reductions for the later age groups for puppies and smaller feed portions for adults. Do review the volume, sometimes a small reduction is the simple solution.


10. Attention seeking                                                                                 

Your dog may have learned that refusing food means more fuss and attention. You can combat this by ignoring him when he is not eating, and praising him when he does. 


Dogs are clever, sensitive creatures and there are a number of things that determine how palatable a particular food is for them. This not only includes the taste or the product, but also the aroma and "mouth feel". Some dogs prefer a different density, shape, size and/or texture to their kibble, so even if your dog does not like one particular chicken based diet for example, that's not to say he or she will not enjoy any of our chicken options. Mini kibble is available for small breeds and our Adult Large Breed suits many large and giant breeds. All of the kibbles can be soaked for dogs who prefer a moist diet, and our Partners canned range is usually very well accepted. 


Did you know that our Tasty Liver Treat can be used as a palatant? Simply dissolve a small amount (approx. 1 teaspoon for a medium sized dog, use a little more or a little less for larger or smaller dogs respectively) into a mug of hot water, stir and pour over the kibble. It smells delicious, and will often tempt even the most reluctant of eaters. 




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